Conjunctions link sentences (indicated in red
and blue in the examples) and create relationships between them.
- As an adversative conjunction, "Pero" (But) is used
to justify, counteract or compensate for what is stated in the
Quería comprarte un vestido, pero
las tiendas estaban
I wanted to buy you a dress, but the stores were closed.
El aula es pequeña, pero tiene mucha luz.
The classroom is small, but has lots of light.
- "Pero" can also express a concessive meaning when used to
indicate that something is done despite the circumstances hindering
No le gusta el trabajo, pero siempre es
He doesn't like his job, but he is always punctual.
- ["Mas" (no accent mark, differentiated this way from the
adverb "más", accented) is an archaic form of
"Pero" to be found mostly in written language.]
- "¡Pero...!" and "¡Pero si...!" are used as
exclamations or to add emphasis. "¡Pero si...!" usually
indicates an objection or protest.
¡Pero qué niño tan bueno!
What a good boy!
¡Pero si yo no he hecho nada!
But I didn't do anything!
- Finally, "Pero" can also be used as a noun, in which case
it's translated as "objection" or "defect".
Él siempre pone peros a nuestros planes.
He is always raising objections to our plans.
- The conjunction "Sino" is used to contrast the previous negative
El cliente no quería mejores precios
sino mejor sevicio.
The client did not want better prices, but (rather) a better service.
- Use "sino que" when this conjuntion precedes a conjugated
Pedro no enseña francés sino que enseña
- As a noun, "sino" is "fate, destiny".
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